Welcome to the scorching Indian summers! These are days when staying cool becomes your top priority in order to not feel energy-drenched. Though air-conditioning is like a silver bullet for summer months, but not everyone has the enough money to afford the same. On the other hand, if you choose other options such as window unit or fan, you’re more likely to develop heat-related symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, and nausea caused by heat exhaustion.
However, the good point is that there are several ways to cool down yourself without powering up the air conditioner. Let’s get to know about them.
- User cooler light bulbs
Do you know that an incandescent bulb radiates 90% of its energy as heat? Since most homes have 30 to 35 light fixtures, your cooling system expends a lot of energy counteracting their effects. It is recommended to replace them with Energy Star-qualified compact fluorescent bulbs, which emit 75% less heat.
- Hit the shower
This is another great way to cool down your body but don’t towel off completely. This is because anything that puts water in touch cools you down as water that evaporates stimulated sweating.
- Drink as much you can
Here, I am talking about water. Hydration helps your body move blood to the surface more efficiently, and it allows you to sweat. You can add various flavors to make the water a bit tasty.
- Shield your windows
About 40% of heat comes in your home through windows, particularly those facing east and west. To restrict it, curtains, shades, and blinds should thoroughly fit windows and be a light, reflective color.
- Choose cotton bedding
Make a habit of sleeping with cotton bed sheets as it allows your body heat dissipate to the surface and sweat can evaporate.
- Let the cool evening air in
If the outside temperature is normal during evenings, crack a few windows open to let a cool breeze come through and cool the house. Make sure you close them again before sunrise.
- Dress appropriately
Loose-fitting, light clothing goes a long way toward keeping your body temperature low. It’s time to bust out those organic cotton shorts and tank tops!
- Learn from your pets
How does your cat manage with the rising temperature? She snoozes! If you can squeeze in an afternoon nap, go for it.
- Plant a tree
If it is possible, plant trees on the side of your house that gets the most sun. The extra shade will protect your home from the sun’s rays.
- Chill out
Turn on your table fan and stick a frozen bottle of water in front of it to get some cold air circulating.
To keep cool air inside, get that caulk gun and seal off anywhere that air might be escaping. A handy draft dodger can help seal up those difficult leaks at the bottoms of doors and windows.
- Hack a fan
Try out this trick to get cool air from a fan. Fill a mixing bowl with ice like an ice pack and put it at an angle in front of a large fan; it will make the air whip off the ice at an extra-chilled, extra-misty temperature.
Have you ever wanted to build the house of your dreams but confused on how to make the right use of funds? The path to building your dream home can be fraught with peril as there are hundreds of elements in home construction that require careful attention and it is necessary to prioritize them to build it right.
There are many homes across the globe that look exceptionally elegant but when it comes to withstand various adverse conditions, they lack flesh. Therefore, the most real beauty of a home resides inside not the outside looks. Building a home is not a thing that you would love to do again and again. You build it once, so build it right!
Your home is not just a brick-and-mortar structure but it reflects your success and status in an impressive way. Instead of spending carelessly on look and décor of your home, you should instead emphasize on strengthening its core. Below are few tips & techniques that are meant to add strength to a building.
- The foundation of your structure should rest on firm soil and it should be taken to a minimum depth of 1.2m from the ground level
- Try to avoid manual concrete mixing with minimum mixing time of 2 minutes
- Reinforcement bars form the base of a sturdy structure. Therefore, choosing TMT bars from a reputed manufacturer
- Wrongly positioned reinforcement bars are ineffective and lead to the failure of RCC elements
- Ensure that there is no congestion of reinforcement bars and that that bars have adequate concrete cover
- To ensure stability, centering should be supported at specified intervals with props that are adequately braced
- Gaps between the centering sheets should be sealed to prevent leakage of slurry, which otherwise would result in honey combed concrete.
- Please note that presence of any of the aggregates in excessive quantities adversely affects the setting, hardening, strength and durability of concrete.
- Terraces are major area of concern with regard to waterproofing. It often happens in homes that rainwater or water leaking from the overhead water tanks spoils the flooring of the terrace and even seeps through the roof of the floor underneath. Before commencing any waterproofing measure for the terrace, ensure that the structure is complete and the work on rainwater pipes and electric conduits is over.
- Washrooms and kitchens have a sunken area below the floor that houses the water pipe network. There is often a presence of water within the sunken areas, and proper waterproofing is necessary to avoid its seeping through the floor/walls and causing damage to the construction.
Did you know?
- There were more than 9000 lives lost and more than 23,000 people injured during recent Nepal earthquake
- More than 450,000 people were displaced
- 5000 schools were destroyed and thousands damaged due to earthquake
These startling facts themselves proclaim the devastating story of that morning of 25th April when a powerful earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck Nepal. Almost everything that came in between its course was turned into rubble. The historically and culturally enriched place was ruined into pieces in a matter of seconds. Food, water, clothing, shelter, medical aid and resumption of normal life are the various aspects that need to be addressed on an urgent basis. For all these to succeed, monetary assistance is the key factor and therefore the appeal is to act now and with all of one’s heart.
Societal commitment is at the core of Jindal Panther’s activities and implemented via a cross-functional approach. This commitment is focused around three visions –
- Population stabilization, health and nutrition
Jindal Panther is committed to stand as a pillar of support to Nepal, and the people of this Himalayan Kingdom, to ensure that smooth logistics and sufficient resources are in place. In its endeavor to support Nepal, Jindal Panther has launched a digital campaign named #ForASaferTomorrow which will ask the audience to sign petitions and join hands for a safer tomorrow.
These petitions will be then transformed into currency by Jindal Panther which will be handed over to trustworthy NGOs working towards the rehabilitation of Nepal victims. Also the money donated by Jindal Panther for this cause will be used to rebuild earthquake hit areas of Nepal with structures which are more resistant to earthquakes, so that they can provide the people of Nepal with a safer tomorrow.
The safety of a construction is of prime importance and it can be ensured only when original and essential materials are used in that. Since rebars are not visible in a concrete structure, so earlier, despite being the mainstay of any construction, quite often due importance was not given to it. But, the situation has changed in the last one decade. Gradually, after knowing the specific features of TMT reinforcement bars, most of the house builders and individual consumers have shown their willingness and extra zeal to use them to keep their construction safe and protected even during any eventuality.
Flexible, bendable and weldable, with such unique features, the TMT rebars are capable of holding a construction, sturdy. To maintain the specialty of the TMT rebars, an exclusive manufacturing process is followed in which original materials are processed through a state-of-the-art manufacturing plant that is supplemented with the latest technologies o f the world.
TMT rebars are the result of an exhaustive metallurgical process. According to this, after getting liquefied iron, it is casted into billets and then it is rolled and processed through effective HYQST Technology. This high-tech process ensures that TMT rebars remain highly bendable, which is urgently needed for easier and faster construction.
These rebars complement well to each particle of cement and that ultimately provides every construction the requisite strength to face various kinds of natural and man-made disasters. Through different standardized tests applicable across the world, it is proved that neither fire nor even salted water can have damaging effects on TMT rabars. For architects, TMT rebars have become an indispensable asset to the construction industry.
After knowing its overall importance, it is essential to know some of the manufacturing stages that assist in producing one of the finest construction materials.
Reheating and Rolling:
Billets are heated in a reheating furnace and rolled through a sequence of rolling stands. Thus reduce the cross section of billets to the finished size and shape of the TMT reinforcement bar. To give the bar more strength and ductility, the hot rolling process is followed by quenching and self-tempering process which involves a effective water spray to turn its periphery into a hard and self tempered with heat flowing from core to external surface.
Bars are cooled on 90 m long cooling bed where a final structure comprising of a hard outer body providing strength and soft inner body providing Ductility & Bendability.
The process of online controlling of length of final bar bundles as desired by the customers is in sync with the automatic cutting and packing process executed here.
Jindal Panther™TMT Rebars are available in the following sizes as per IS: 1786-2008 for Concrete Reinforcement (in mm): 6 8 10 12 16 20 25 28 32 36 40 45 50. 6-12 mm TMT rebars are available in coil form and straight form both.
Keeping in mind, the recent earthquake Nepal faced, it becomes imperative to always plan for a secure and safe construction and to do that home builders prefer to include TMT rebars as one of the best construction materials. To fulfill your dream of an unshakeable, safe and sound life, never compromise with construction materials. Join hands with TMT rebars and live a happy life!
Building a home is not an easy job as there are hundreds of factors that go into play to ensure a sturdy construction. From choosing the right construction material to employing the most feasible structure, each and every aspect of building construction is of vital importance.
There is no doubt that steel bars are what form the base for a solid and durable construction. It is the agility and strength of TMT bars that enable the building to withstand various adverse conditions for a period of time. TMT stands for Thermo Mechanically Treated and TMT bars are typically deformed steel bars used in reinforced cement concrete (RCC) work. These bars are known to have superior properties such as strength, ductility, welding ability, bending ability and highest quality standards.
During the thermo mechanical treatment, steel bars get intensive cooling immediately after rolling. When the temperature is suddenly reduced to make surface layer hard, the internal core is hot at the same time. Due to further cooling in atmosphere and heat from the core, the tempering takes place. This process is supposed to enhance properties such as yield strength, ductility and toughness of TMT bars.
According to construction experts, it is very much necessary to choose superior quality TMT Rebars as they build the foundation of a tough structure. Moreover, this decision is typically taken at the start of the construction work so there won’t be any option to replace the bars once building is done. Therefore, one should always choose the best quality TMT bars.
Due to their exceptional strength & ductility, these bars have been widely used is the construction of bridges, flyovers, dams, high rise buildings, industrial structures, general purpose concrete reinforcement structures, and underground structures etc.
Other advantages of TMT Rebars:
- Enhanced Structural Safety
- Ease of Work
- Fire Resistant
- Resist Corrosion
- Earthquake Resistance
- Fine Welding Features
- Longer Life
When it comes to choose from the list of best construction materials, steel emerges out as the best material for architectural construction. It is light-weight, strong and most importantly durable and thus allows builders to build sturdy structures that can withstand different types of adverse forces for a longer period of time. Steel is recycled and is eco friendly. Being the most versatile material, it can be used for a wide range of applications.
The versatility of steel provides architects the freedom to achieve their most ambitious visions. Structural steel is an essential component of structures such as stadiums, shopping centers and commercial developments. Because steel is also one of the most sustainable construction materials, building owners naturally value the flexibility of steel buildings, and the value benefits they provide. Steel is perfect for modernization, reconfiguring, extending or adapting with minimal disruption, and without costly and sometimes harmful redevelopment.
After understanding the importance of steel in construction industry, it’s time to understand how steel shapes are manufactured in a hot rolling mill.
The process of hot rolling mill is to reheat semi-finished steel billets (square bars) at 1200 to 1250 degree centigrade to soften to provide easy and different shapes as required.
After exiting the reheat furnace, these billets of different shapes pass through a descaling unit in which with pressurized water removes thick layer of oxidized iron that build on the billets/ bars. This is done to clear the surface before entering into hot rolling mill.
This process reduces the thickness of the transfer bar down to desired diameter required by the further process. The rolling speed is set to allow the last stand to perform the final reduction at the finishing temperature, between 1000° to 1050°C, specified to reach required mechanical properties.
Post rolling, the bars are cooled at cooling bed and thereafter desired length is cut and bundled for dispatch.
By Mr. VK Mehta, Director, Sales & Marketing, JSPL
The recent earthquake that devastated the Nepal valley and jolted Northern India has triggered a debate of how equipped we are to combat such probable threat. Turkish geophysicist and earthquake scientist Ahmet Mete Işıkara’s famous observation “quakes don’t kill people, buildings do” sums up this potential danger that looms over most of us. Poorly designed buildings contributed most to the catastrophe in Nepal. It echoes the need for resilient and earthquake-resistant architecture and building materials.
The bane of urbanisation has led to some of the most hazardous multi storeyed buildings built everywhere. While we copiously spend on fancy interior designs and finest collections of sanitary wares, seldom do we deliberate on assessing and spending judiciously on the right foundation and construction materials. Though many buildings these days are built as disaster-resistant, yet faulty design and the use of poor quality construction materials can prove detrimental. Hence, it is imperative for builders and developers to give more detailing to the quality of construction materials used and focus on disaster-resistant architecture that can withstand such natural calamities.
Steel and cement are the key raw materials used in India’s & other SAARC countries predominantly Reinforced concrete construction (RCC). But most of the load is supported by steel. It is, therefore, imperative that steel used for construction must be of best quality and should be produced with state-of-the-art technology to fulfil the infrastructural needs of our burgeoning population.
Over the past few years, the evolution of various building materials has helped construction engineers build disaster-resistant structures. One of these products is Thermo Mechanically Treated reinforced bars, generally called TMT rebars, that are integral to any construction project today. TMT Rebars impart strength, form and ductility to RCC structure to withstand various kinds of loads impacting a building. TMT Rebars offer superior weldability, corrosion resistance, ductility and durability that makes them most suitable for use in earthquake prone areas. Usage of TMT has enabled economy in designing and construction of earthquake-resistant high rise buildings.
The quest for better construction materials has produced various kinds of steel bars with qualities that make concrete more stable. Unfortunately, not many home builders and consumers are aware of the difference between the rebars produced by primary and secondary producers, nor are they aware about the quality parameters while buying TMT bars, which is viewed more as a commodity product.
In India, steel demand is approximately 90 mn tonnes (SAARC countries require additional 20 mn tonnes approximately). Out of this, around 34.5 mn tonnes is for TMT Rebars alone, making it the single largest consumed steel product. However, the demand of 34.5 mn tonnes is met by approx 10 mn tonnes from primary steel producers and remaining 24.5 mn tonnes from secondary steel producers. Situation elsewhere is worse, with negligible production of TMT bars by primary producers in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Bhutan, Sri Lanka & Nepal. Hence, it is important to educate the consumers to help them make an informed choice while purchasing TMT rebars.
Primary steel producers produce steel by processing virgin iron ore through extensive metallurgical operations. This is followed by refining technologies that make steel free from inclusion and harmful tramp elements such as sulphur and phosphorous. This leads to production of superior quality steel with uniform and consistent properties.
On the other hand, Secondary steel producers primarily use steel scrap as their core input and convert it into TMT rebars. Further, the scrap used is mostly non-homogeneous, non- segregated and of inferior grade with high level of tramp elements. Rebars thus produced are of inconsistent properties which hampers the strength, ductility and elongation of steel.
With a view to providing world-class TMT rebars to consumers, Jindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL) has set up a state-of-the-art steel rolling plant in Patratu, Jharkhand. JSPL is making TMT from superior quality iron ore and high quality imported coal from Australia. Jindal Panther TMT Rebars produced here are technically advanced and are vastly superior from the rest; this is due to a combination of ultra-clean steel that is rolled in world’s most advanced MORGAN MILL deploying state of the art technology. The quality standards of rebars produced in this mill surpass the requirements of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). Another state of art mill is under construction at JSPL Angul, Orissa, to produce high quality TMT Bars.
Inorder to make buildings safer in high seismic zones, JSPL has introduced TMT Bars fully complying to and certified under Fe500S grade of BIS 1786. These bars are rolled to have strength in a narrow band and high UTS/YS ratio of 1.25
As a brand which is rapidly attaining leadership position in the TMT category, Jindal Panther TMT rebars aims to decommoditise rebars as a product. It also aims to create awareness about the product as well as the category to enable end consumers to make an informed decision while purchasing TMT rebars.
TMT is the heart and soul of construction. It is the backbone of the whole structure and hence more caution is required while purchasing TMT Rebar. Further, it is to be kept in mind that unlike other materials & fittings, TMT bars once used, cannot be replaced, without bringing down the structure. Little more consciousness, a penny more investment for the sake of quality can lead to enhanced life and safety of a dream home.